Fig. 24 Laying the thread.


10. Here the needles have descended, enabling the newly-kinked yarn loops to slide underneath their beards, and at the same time, the old loops which form the last knitting course of the fabric, rise up the stems of the needles until they are just below the tips of the needle beards.

11. The entire row of needles, together with the sinkers and dividers, are moved towards the sinker bed, the newly-formed loops being automatically carried along, until the beard of each needle comes against the presser-edge. Here the needles are closed by mechanical pressure (called “pressing”) and the needle beards are forced into grooves in the needles, these closing over the newly-formed loops inside the needle beards which lie between the tips of the needles and over the sinker throats. At the same time, it will be noted that the needles have descended to bring the last row of the old loops of the finished fabric on to the beards, and these old loops now lie around the beards. This is termed “Landing”. The row of old loops now hangs on. the needles (around the beards) below the sinkers and dividers and above the “knock-over” bits. (These latter play an important part, being a series of blades which stand in between the needles, and are positioned lower than the sinkers and dividers.)

12. A further downward movement of the needles, together with an upward movement of the “knock-over” bits, enables the newly formed loops to reach the end of the rounded knobs of the sinkers and dividers. These loops slip over on to the “knock-over” bits, while the old loops approach the tips of the needle beards preparatory to “knocking-over”. Furthering the downward movement of the needles through the “knock-over” bits, the newly-laid loops are pulled through the old ones, thus completing a new course.

13. The new row of loops has become part of the fabric, and the needles rise to the former (No. 1) position, and at the same time, the sinkers and dividers advance, and the “knock-over” bits return to their low position. The new loops are, thereby, retained below the sinkers, and the whole cycle of movements is again repeated for the knitting of a fresh course.